Your goats need nearly all their diet to be natural roughage from shrubs, woody plants, hay, tree bark, and more. The roughage they eat will most likely not provide them with all of the nutrients that they need to keep perfect health.
If you give your goats a diet that is almost all grain they’ll develop kidney issues that may be fatal. They may also develop a bloated stomach or become too fat. A goat must have a balanced diet that contains between 75% and 80% of their dietary intake from natural roughage providing plants.
You might have discovered that a goat can eat anything, or that a goat will eat anything. This is not correct. Many natural plants can either make your creature very sick, or in some cases can cause premature death for the animal. Plants which will make your goats sick.
Keep lots of fresh water available to your animals at all times. The quantity of water they will need will vary depending upon the moisture content in the food they are eating. In the winter season if you reside in a place that sees temperatures fall below freezing for extended periods of time you may wish to receive a submersible heater to put in the water container so the animal water doesn’t freeze solid.
Shelter is a must for your animals. They need a dry area where they can get in from the rain, and in which they can sleep without the dew falling on them. Their shelter needs to provide them a way t get out of the cold winds that blow in the winter, and provides them with safety from natural predators.
Most goat owners place a thick layer of straw or hay down inside their shelters so their animals will have adequate protection against the cold and dampness of the ground. You can put a wooden floor in your shelter if you choose.
A large dog house is also a fantastic shelter alternative to get a goat. The animal will go inside the structure and they will also climb on the structure. Many owners buy the little igloo dog houses and set them inside their enclosure so their small animals can go inside them.
You’ll need to learn how to trim the hooves of your goats. You can put concrete or stone blocks in the pen with the creature to assist them naturally keep their hooves, but from time to time that you need to insect their hooves and cut off excess.
You want to install fences that the creature cannot squeeze through and cannot lift up to go under. Goats are famous for sticking their heads through the fence and often receiving their horns hung up in the fence.
They will often push against the fence like they are scratching their hands on the fence so getting your fencing material properly secured to the fence-posts is very important.
Signs Your Goat is Sick
However good you care for your animals there’ll be times that they get sick. The best way to find out whether you have a sick animal is to look closely at their normal behaviors. Then when one of these critters begins to behave differently from what they normally do you’ll be quick to notice the difference.
• When they do not chew their cud
• When they refuse to get up
• When they are not eating like they generally do
• When their poop is solid or liquid instead of in pellets like it ought to be
• Walk and shout more than normal
• They stop drinking
• They begin to grind their teeth
• They have a limp
• They are staggering
• Their udders are hot to the touch
• They’re coughing
• Their eyelids or gums are ale in colour
• They have a runny nose
They will help to keep property clear of shrubs and weeds, and the young ones will bring a fair price when you sell them. Taking good care of the animals isn’t really hard to do, as well as the benefits outweigh any trouble the care gifts.
Are you considering getting goats as pets, milk producers, or to help maintain land? Caring for your new animals will be one of the main things you do.